Child and Adolescent Depression: Using a CBT Treatment Approach
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This thesis is a non-empirical, manuscript style document in which I examine Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and its effectiveness in treating depression at an early age, focusing on the developmental periods- childhood, pre-adolescence, and adolescence. This research provides recent findings on CBT for professionals in this field. The purpose of this research is to bring awareness to the many different causes of child depression and create a better understanding of the effectiveness of CBT interventions for youth experiencing depression. In Chapter 2, I will discuss three factors that contribute to child depression. These factors include: (1) biological changes as a result of depression; (2) developmental issues such as child attachment style and maternal depression; and, (3) unhealthy environments. In this thesis I will focus on research with young children, pre-adolescents, and adolescents (ages 0-18). In Chapter 3, I will focus on Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy as traumatic childhood events can leave painful memories and further lead to depression. In Chapter 4, I will discuss the limitations and criticisms of CBT when used as a treatment modality for children and adolescents. In Chapter 5, I will summarize the previous chapters and reflect upon implications for future research.