Comparing Levels of Depression and Anxiety among Learning Disabled and Non-Learning Disabled Adults
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The purpose of the following study was to determine whether adults clinically diagnosed with a learning disability (LD) have higher levels of depression or anxiety than adults with no learning disability (NLD). Archival data from a private psychology assessment clinic in a Canadian City serving Greater Vancouver was reviewed. Reports written by psychologists working at the assessment clinic were reviewed to determine whether or not the file can be identified as one of the four diagnostic groups: LD, NLD and a clinical diagnosis of anxiety, NLD and a clinical diagnosis of depression or NLD with another clinical diagnosis. In addition, any specific clinical diagnoses, with DSM-IV code, made within the report were also recorded. The source of the additional diagnosis was recorded as one of the following: psychologist working at the clinic, psychologist or psychiatrist not working at the clinic. The WAIS-III full scale IQ score and WAIS-III index scores within each report were also recorded. For the purpose of this study, the following self-report inventories were reviewed to identify levels of depression and anxiety: the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Personality Inventory (PAI).