Overcoming Self-Inflicted Traits Encountered by Adult Learners
Four major self-inflicting traits that prevent adult students from succeeding in the classroom include apathy, fear of failure, anxiety, and fear of change. By merging Herrmann’s (1996) brain dominance theory and Bandura’s (1997) concept of high and low self-efficacy, eight student types emerge. By understanding these student types, instructors can be more equipped to identify and combat the four self-inflicting traits in the classroom. This chapter provides specific examples and tables—based on two decades of university teaching and administration experience—to aid instructors and administrators in helping students prevent or overcome apathy, fear of failure, anxiety, and fear of change.