Implications of Emergent Research in the Field of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) for Counselling Practice
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The purpose of this study is to explore the connections between emergent biomedical research in the field of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and mental health, and how clinical counselling is influenced by it. Two particular areas of research have been demonstrated to affect behaviour in the FASD population: iron deficiency that contributes to chronic sleep deprivation and the impact of the microbiome on mental health. A literature search for counselling approaches was conducted as well as categorization of research sessions at the annual FASD research conferences in Vancouver, BC to understand research directions in the world of FASD and available literature that supports clinical counselling approaches. The implications for counselling practice are examined as well as recommendations for theoretical approaches in clinical counselling. The results demonstrate a lack of literature on counselling intervention practices, evaluation, and theoretical approaches specific to the FASD population. Much of this research reflects a need for further research into clinical intervention and evaluation.