Barriers to and Facilitators of Help-Seeking Among Transgender IPV Survivors
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) rates are disconcertingly high in sexual and gender minority relationships. In particular, research has highlighted that transgender individuals are subjected to IPV at higher rates than heterosexual individuals and cisgender sexual minorities (James et al., 2016; Langenderfer-Magruder et al., 2016; Reuter et al., 2015). Unfortunately, IPV has traditionally been understood through a gendered lens in which men are depicted as abusers and women as victims, rendering the problem of transgender IPV invisible (Cannon & Buttell, 2015). Transgender individuals also face greater discriminatory attitudes related to their gender identity, limiting how and where transgender IPV survivors feel safe to seek help (Calton et al., 2016; Furman et al., 2017; Tesch & Bekerian, 2015). The present research provides a comprehensive literature review of transgender IPV and the help-seeking process. Specific attention is paid to barriers and facilitators of help-seeking among transgender IPV survivors. Implications for counselling, recommendations for clinical practice, and directions for future research are discussed.