Risk and Resiliency in Immigrant and Refugee Youth: Considerations for Counselling
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This paper is an examination into the risk and resilience factors influencing immigrant and refugee youth during their acculturation development during resettlement. Counselling considerations are discussed with a focus on targeting the development of a strong sense of bicultural identity for youth. Counselling professionals are called on to serve a diverse group of clients; however, counsellors may lack the necessary knowledge of cultural and societal factors influencing mental health outcomes. Counsellors who work with immigrant and refugee youth should strive to develop knowledge of systematic and political processes that impact their clients’ lives. This paper discusses important resettlement factors that should be addressed when working with these populations. Furthermore, a starting point for counsellors is suggested that encompasses the careful reflection of personal biases and attitudes that may impact multicultural work, and how to successfully situate their practice under a multicultural theory. Implications for counselling practice are summarized and future directions for research is presented.