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dc.contributor.authorJulihn, Derian
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-07T00:02:13Z
dc.date.available2021-12-07T00:02:13Z
dc.date.issued2021-08-24
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11803/1583
dc.description.abstractAdverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) directly affect more than half the world, with the most vulnerable populations experiencing ACEs at even higher rates. ACE research reveals a strong, graded relationship between childhood stress and trauma and an increased risk of poor mental health, adult diseases, and risky or harmful behaviours. The purpose of this paper is to consider how our body’s neuro-biological survival systems can have unintended consequences when chronically activated or mistuned in our early years of development to help us move from symptom management to treating root causes. The mislocation of client’s problem through labelling their ACE symptoms a disease (a problem with their body), a disorder (a problem with their mind/personality), or bad behaviour (a problem with their morality) can lead to ineffective treatment strategies and further reinforcement of their pathologization and stigmatization particularly for those most vulnerable to ACEs. Using examples from Somatic Experiencing, Internal Family Systems, and Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, this paper proposes five assumptions for de-pathologizing ACE symptoms: 1.) ACE impacts are not the problem; they are a symptom of the problem, 2.) Focus treatment on the underlying problem (isolation, alienation, shame, rejection, fear, abuse, neglect, and nervous system dysregulation), not the symptoms, 3.) ACE symptoms result from what went right to help survive, and the motivating goal is still to protect, 4.) Integrative compassion for ourselves and others comes through a deep understanding of the symptoms' motivation (5.) The solution lies within our body and mind’s innate wisdom and ability to heal.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/
dc.subjectNeglecten_US
dc.subjectLack of careen_US
dc.subjectNeurobiologyen_US
dc.subjectNeuroplasticityen_US
dc.subjectPhysical abuseen_US
dc.subjectPolyvagal theoryen_US
dc.subjectPovertyen_US
dc.subjectResiliencyen_US
dc.subjectSexual abuseen_US
dc.subjectSomaticen_US
dc.subjectTraumaen_US
dc.subjectViolence against mother or step-motheren_US
dc.subjectDomestic violenceen_US
dc.subjectSocioeconomic statusen_US
dc.subjectSubstance abuseen_US
dc.subjectChild developmenten_US
dc.subjectMental healthen_US
dc.subjectStressen_US
dc.subjectAdiposityen_US
dc.subjectAdverse childhood experiencesen_US
dc.subjectBullyingen_US
dc.subjectPeer victimizationen_US
dc.subjectChild abuseen_US
dc.subjectMaltreatmenten_US
dc.subjectCommunity violenceen_US
dc.subjectDepathologizeen_US
dc.subjectDeprivationen_US
dc.subjectEarly attachmentsen_US
dc.subjectPsychological abuseen_US
dc.subjectEmotional abuseen_US
dc.subjectIsolationen_US
dc.subjectPeer rejectionen_US
dc.subjectMaladaptive functioningen_US
dc.subjectIntimate partner violenceen_US
dc.titleDe-pathologizing the Symptoms of Adverse Childhood Experiencesen_US
dc.typeCapstoneen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCounselingen_US
thesis.degree.grantorCity University of Seattleen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Arts Counselingen_US
cityu.schoolSchool of Health and Social Sciencesen_US
cityu.siteVancouver, BCen_US
cityu.site.countryCanadaen_US


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