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dc.contributor.authorThornley, Ryan
dc.description.abstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a well-known reaction to trauma. Vicarious trauma is a subsequent reaction to indirect trauma. This literature review explores PTSD and the vicarious effects of trauma on the significant relationships of public safety personnel (PSP). Public safety personnel, such as police, firefighters, corrections officers, and paramedics, are regularly exposed to traumatic events in their lines of work and are thus at higher risk for developing PTSD. The occupational stressors of front-line work permeate the personal lives of frontline workers and affect their significant relationships. This literature review examines the current gold standard treatments for trauma, including eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), cognitive processing therapy (CPT), trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy (CF-CBT) and exposure therapy. This review suggests opportunities for including the significant partners of first responders in treatment and argues for individual specialized treatment for partners. This review reveals a gap in research regarding treatments for vicarious trauma in this vulnerable population, and suggests several recommendations for counselling practice. Finally, this review expands the view of the trauma lens to recognize the permeability of PTSD and its vicarious effects on those in proximity, further advocating for inclusive treatment. Future research recommendations include resilience factors for significant partners, gold standard treatment methods for vicarious trauma, and significant partners' inclusion within therapy for PTSD in first responder populations.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
dc.subjectVicarious traumaen_US
dc.subjectFirst responderen_US
dc.subjectTrauma therapyen_US
dc.subjectPublic safety personnelen_US
dc.subjectPosttraumatic stress disorderen_US
dc.subjectCouples therapyen_US
dc.titleThe Effects of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Vicarious Trauma on Significant Relationships in First Responder Populationsen_US
dc.typeCapstoneen_US University of Seattleen_US of Counsellingen_US
cityu.schoolSchool of Health and Social Sciencesen_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States